Join us for drinks and nibbles as we launch Don Aitkin's latest book, Critical Mass.
Research is the occupation of around 130,000 Australians, and the great bulk of the funds supporting their research comes from the Commonwealth as a transfer from taxpayers. In 2017 the universities received around three billion dollars in research funding, a third from the National Health and Medical Research Council, a third from the Australian Research Council, and a third more or less directly. The Commonwealth is far and away the great funder of all Australian research and development. Yet the Constitution gives the Commonwealth no powers at all with respect to research, or to universities or even to education.
How the Commonwealth got to be so important is the evolving story of this book, which is also a detailed account of one important aspect of it — the creation and early years of one of the most important instruments of the Commonwealth Government means of funding, the Australian Research Council, created in 1988. That was the year of the most powerful shock the higher education system has so far received, the creation of what was called ‘the Unified National System’ of higher education, the abolition of the Commonwealth Tertiary Education Commission, and the grouping of nearly all the Commonwealth’s higher education research initiatives into a single body, the Australian Research Council.
These were turbulent years, both politically and within higher education, and the after-shocks are still being felt today. The book, written by one of the architects of the change, will be of great interest to all concerned with higher education today, for research, as the author says, is indispensable to Australia’s future as a civilised society, though funding and managing it remains as difficult today as it was thirty years ago.